The Fall of Fort Sumter
Art brings moments in history to life for us in ways not possible in words or even photographs. The technology of 1860s photography could not record moving action, so Red Grooms looked to a Currier & Ives lithograph to give us his version of this first battle of the Civil War. Following the War of 1812, the United States constructed Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. On April 12, 1861, Confederate artillery fired on this fort, a Union garrison. The fort was subsequently cut off from its supply line and surrendered. In 1863, the Union began a siege to retake the fort, but the Confederates managed to hold it until almost five months before the war ended in June 1865.