William Tecumseh Sherman, after Mathew Brady
Grooms based this dashing pose of Sherman on a Brady photograph. Sherman fought with Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Shiloh and, in 1864, succeeded him as the Union commander in the Western Theater, an area that included Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Kentucky, South Carolina, and Tennessee, as well as Louisiana east of the Mississippi River. This Union general became notorious for his bold military strategy of moving his army deep into Confederate territory and using “scorched earth” policies during his “March to the Sea” through Georgia, from Atlanta to Savannah. After the Civil War, he served as the commanding general of the Army, when Grant became president.