Landscape, Fruit, and Flowers
English-born artist Frances Flora Bond Palmer, often referred to as Fanny Palmer, was already an illustrator working with her printmaker husband before immigrating to New York and joining Currier & Ives, where she created over 200 lithographs. Regarded as one of the leading commercial illustrators of her time, Palmer specialized in flower pictures and scenes of the Hudson River, and here she combines the two.
The dense bouquet and fruit reference Dutch Old Master paintings and also her contemporary Severin Roesen, a painter known for his abundant fruit and flower still lifes. Only the most elaborate paintings of this genre included background landscapes and Palmer bathes her scene in an overall cheerful light quite unlike those dark precedents. The hummingbird and trumpet creeper are a direct nod to John James Audubon, author of the seminal illustrated book The Birds of America.