Justice Taney & Dred Scott
Red Grooms links two forever connected figures, here in his own inner framing reminiscent of the casework of miniature paintings or daguerreotypes. In 1857 Roger B. Taney, the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, delivered the majority opinion in the Dred Scott Case, which held that African Americans, even free Blacks, were not considered true citizens. Dred Scott appealed to the Court to be recognized as a free man because he had been brought to live in free territories by his masters. The final decision ruled that Scott had no right to bring suit at all, which caused an uproar among abolitionists.