The Color of the Moon: Lunar Painting in American Art

February 8–May 12, 2019

The Hudson River Museum presents a stunning exhibition devoted to the allure of the moon for American painters, whose art has reflected the eternal fascination with our closest celestial body. It is the first major museum examination of the moon as it relates to the story of the American nocturne as it developed from the early 1810s through the late 1960s.

Exhibition catalog

The moon—its face, color, and enduring myth—threads through the tapestry of American landscape painting, holding timeless allure for artists everywhere. This softly glowing orb has inspired countless works of art since the first humans looked up at the skies and saw its cratered face. The experience of contemplating the moon is universal to the human experience. It unites us in philosophical questions about our own place in the world.

The exhibition features more than 60 works of art, highlighting key painters who depicted the moon, from the early nineteenth-century masterpieces of Thomas Cole, the father of the Hudson River School, who embraced a kind of longing Romanticism that the astronomical body symbolized, to late works by famed illustrator Norman Rockwell, represented by his depictions of a long-held romantic yearning finally fulfilled–America’s triumphant lunar landing in 1969. All of the works in the exhibition underscore how the Romantic idea of the moon held an inexorable pull for artists, and was central to its depiction of landscape, a subject of ongoing engagement at the Museum.

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The Color of the Moon will premiere at the Hudson River Museum on February 8, 2019 and run through May 12, followed by a summer 2019 showing at the James A. Michener Art Museum in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, which has partnered with the Hudson River Museum to organize the exhibition. The Color of the Moon reveals the long and enduring relationship between art and lunar science.The exhibition coincides with the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission, when American astronauts traveled across the skies to step onto the pitted surface of the moon in July 1969. Even before that historic moment, much scientific and aesthetic debate revolved around the question: What color is the moon? Artists continued their own explorations despite public disappointment when astronauts reported the rocks and dust were grayish brown. The Hudson River Museum, which has the only public planetarium in Westchester County and is dedicated to exploring the relationship between the arts and science, is poised as an ideal venue to explore this subject.

Several works from the Museum’s collection will be featured in The Color of the Moon, including The Burning Ship by Albert Bierstadt. Other major artists represented through loans include Jasper Francis Cropsey, Frederic Church, Albert Bierstadt, Susie M. Barstow, George Inness, Edward Bannister, Ralph Blakelock, Winslow Homer, Childe Hassam, Arthur Dove, Edward Steichen, Oscar Bluemner, Marguerite Zorach, Joseph Cornell, and Jamie Wyeth.

Lenders include the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, the Delaware Art Museum, Francis Lehman Loeb Art Center at Vassar College, Montclair Art Museum, National Gallery of Art, The New-York Historical Society, Olana State Historic Site, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Yale University Art Gallery, along with works from other institutions and private collections.

The Hudson River Museum co-published a fully-illustrated, 200-page catalog with Fordham University Press and the Michener Art Museum. Authors include co-curators Laura Vookles (Chair, Curatorial Department, Hudson River Museum) and Bartholomew F. Bland (Executive Director, Lehman College Art Gallery, The City University of New York), as well as Theodore W. Barrow (Assistant Curator, Hudson River Museum), Stella Paul (author of Chromaphilia: The Story of Color in Art), and Melissa Martens Yaverbaum (Executive Director, Council of American Jewish Museums). Themes explored in the essays include our eternal fascination with the appearance of the moon and the myths it inspired; the moonlit landscapes of the Hudson River School; the moody moon of the Gilded Age; the allure of our lunar neighbor for early Modernists; and how the race for the moon transformed its appearance in popular culture.


Major sponsorship is made possible by a generous grant from The Mr. and Mrs. Raymond J. Horowitz Foundation for the Arts.

Co-curated by Laura Vookles, Chair of the Curatorial Department, Hudson River Museum, and Bartholomew F. Bland, Executive Director of the Lehman College Art Gallery, City University of New York.

In memory of and with profound gratitude to longtime supporter Marjorie S. Isaac.

The Teaching Artist-in-Residence for The Color of the Moon: Lunar Painting in American Art is Seongmin Ahn. Learn more about the Residency Program here.

#ColorOfTheMoon #HRMMoon #HRM100

Oscar Florianus Bluemner (American, b. Germany, 1867–1938). Moon Radiance, 1927. Watercolor with gum coating on hot pressed off-white wove paper laid down by the artist to thick wood panel. Karen & Kevin Kennedy Collection. Photograph by Joshua Nefsky.

Selected Press

Why the Moon makes us all romantics BBC World (April 4, 2019) ↗
Wish for the Moon: An Exhibition at the Hudson River Museum Charts the History of American Artists' Lunar Fascination Art & Antiques (March 1, 2019) ↗
Out & About: Lunar New Year Festival The Rivertowns Enterprise (February 22, 2019) ↗
Exhibit embraces a galaxy of art, science, and lore The Rivertowns Enterprise (February 15, 2019) ↗
What's Hot: Fly me to The Color of the Moon The Scarsdale Inquirer (February 8, 2019) ↗